In central and southern city of Luxor in Egypt, located in more than 670 km south of Cairo at the Nile River in Upper Egypt, located in the ancient Egyptian kingdom and the new capital of the Kingdom of Thebes southern half of the site. Thebes built in the Middle Kingdom 11th dynasty, has been 4000 years of history. To the New Kingdom 18 Dynasty, Thebes into the peak period, the urban middle reaches of the two sides across the Nile. It was reported that of Thebes densely populated, Guangsha thousands, there are 100 gates, Homer's epic to here as "100 Capital", is the world's largest city. In the past 700 years, the pharaohs were from this "pearl of Upper Egypt," calling the shots, so that ancient Egypt's political and economic reach the pinnacle of glory, territory south Sudan, north Syria, as across the eastern Mediterranean North Africa, West Asia, the first power. Here Pharaohs continued to expand their territory and the construction of numerous temples and a huge graves. 88 BC destroyed. Ancient Egyptian Empire lasted 1500 years, ancient kings, pharaohs at Thebes built numerous temples, palaces and tombs. After several thousand years, the magnificent former palace of the temple ruins have become mutilated, but people still want to see that they were able to learn the majesty of the year, they are highly developed ancient Egyptian civilization, a witness. According to archaeologists estimate that about 500 tombs scattered in the Luxor area, only the West Nile Bank the famous "Valley of the Kings," there are 64 imperial tombs, the existing opening 17. Tomb is basically the same shape, slope is very steep ladder access through the mausoleum corridors, corridors pass the tomb room, an indoor that several graves, put granite sarcophagus mummy parked in the last one grave. Therefore, the Luxor has become the treasure house of ancient Egyptian monuments, is to visit Egypt's ancient civilization can not be less than a place. Today, Luxor is the world's largest open-air museum, has a "palace of the city" in the world. Nile through cities, will be one in two. As the ancient Egyptians believed that man's life, like with the sun, since the rises in the east, the west, so the river's east bank is the magnificent temples and a vibrant neighborhoods, the river's West Bank, is the pharaohs, queens and nobles of the grave . "City of the Living" and "dead city" across the river to form two of the world's eternal cycle of the circle. In today's Luxor's ancient architectural complex, the best preserved and largest is the Temple of Karnak. Its temple occupies an area of 5,000 square meters, there are 134 columns towering into the sky, the most middle of the 12 high 21 m, five people can not encircle displays run all over the exquisite relief. 400 years ago, the first one into the "Multi-Column Hall" of Europeans in the hot sun was shocked: "I went to go see the whole line of a huge cylindrical entire column, but also thought he dreaming!" Kanak God Temple and Luxor Temple less than one kilometer away, there are similarities stone road.
Luxor has become a modern tourist city, Egypt's tourist attractions, where filled with a festive and joyful atmosphere, located in the center of the temple to Luxor temple branded a special mark, every year hundreds of thousands of tourists from attracted from all over the world. Egypt often say: "have never been to Luxor, we have not been to Egypt." Luxor is an Egyptian tourist center, built in the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes, the southern half of the site. Thebes has been more than 4,000 years ago, the new dynasty of the Kingdom 18 hours into the heyday, when the urban middle reaches of the two sides across the Nile, known as "100 Capital", is the world's largest city. 88 BC destroyed. According to archaeologists estimate that about 500 tombs scattered in the Luxor area, only the West Nile Bank the famous "Valley of the Kings," there are 64 imperial tombs. Opening up the existing 17. Tomb in the form of essentially the same slope is very steep ladder access through the mausoleum corridors, corridors pass the tomb room, an indoor Quite a few graves. Granite sarcophagus mummy put parking in the last one grave. Graves within the walls and pillars carved mural depicting color: Some description of the war, some describing actors and artisans, and some describe fishing and hunting, while others describe the religious beliefs of ancient Egyptians. From the "Valley of the Kings," a few kilometers east of the famous 18th Dynasty during the reign of Queen Haqi Ji pusu built Baha Li Temple, temple hills close to Thebes, is divided into three layers, although the experience of 3000 years, hall Relief is also on the intact, rich in content, there are scenes of the Queen and the expedition described court disputes. East Coast with the Temple of Karnak and Luxor. 2 Less than one kilometer away from the temple, there are similarities stone road. End of day tourists to visit monuments and museums in Luxor, the Karnak Temple at night, there are two well-known sound and light show, the audience sat in open-air viewing platform, in the black night, the color of the spotlight to guide the people to watch a monuments, guide in English, Arabic chanting poetic explanation of the history of Egypt and all the establishment of the Temple Pharaoh's life, in coordination with the music that people like immersive general. Attractions list: Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, Luxor Museum and the mummy museum, Memnon of the Colossus, Tomb Temple of Hatshepsut and the tomb of nobles, the King Valley, Sobek and Horus Temple, Luxor and Karnak Town, Village, Thebes Acropolis, Temple of the god of the sky, the sun temple.